Research :: Health of Adolescents and Young Adults: Trends in Achieving the 21 Critical National Health Objectives by 2010

The 21 Critical National Health Objectives (CNHOs) for Adolescents and Young Adults derived from Healthy People 2010 addressed the most significant threats to the health of individuals aged 10–24 years. This study assessed trends in the 21 CNHOs between 1991 and 2009, and from baseline years for which 2010 targets were established to 2009, and the extent to which targets were achieved.

For CNHOs measured by census systems, the percentage of change in each health outcome was calculated between 1991 and 2009 and between baseline years and 2009. Any change 5% was considered as an improvement or deterioration. For CNHOs measured by national probability-based surveillance surveys, multivariate logistic regression was conducted using Stata Version 10.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX) to calculate odds ratios for each outcome from 1991, and from baseline years to 2009, controlling for gender, race/ethnicity, and age or school grade-level. To calculate the percentage of targets being achieved, the difference between baseline data and 2009 data was divided by that between baseline data and target.

Adolescents and young adults achieved two targets (rode with a driver who had drunk alcohol, physical fighting), improved for 12 CNHOs,mademixed progress by sub-objective for two,showednoprogress in four, and regressed in achieving two (Chlamydia infections; overweight). Progress varied by demographic variables.

Although encouraging trends were seen in young people’s health, the United States achieved only two CNHOs. Attention is needed to improve the health and reduce disparities among young people.

Health of Adolescents and Young Adults: Trends in Achieving the 21 Critical National Health Objectives by 2010; Journal of Adolescent Health – August 2011 (Vol. 49, Issue 2, Pages 124-132, DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.04.026)

TOPIC(S)

Adolescents, Health Behavior, Healthy People, Monitoring, Trends, Young Adults

DATE POSTED

August 1, 2011

AUTHOR(S)

Nan Jiang, Ph.D., Lloyd J. Kolbe, Ph.D., Dong-Chul Seo, Ph.D., Noy S. Kay, H.S.D., Claire D. Brindis, Dr. P.H.c

MORE NEWS AND ARTICLES BY SIMILAR TOPIC(S)

Midcourse Review of the Healthy People 2010: 21 Critical Health Objectives for Adol’s & Young Adults

Progress on the 21 Critical Health Objectives was reviewed as part of the Healthy People 2010 Midcourse Review. The review found little or no improvement on most objectives.

Adolescents | Health Behavior | Healthy People | Mortality | Policy | Recommendations | Trends | Young Adults

To Tweet, or Not to Tweet: Gender Differences and Potential Positive and Negative Health Outcomes of Adolescents’ Social Internet Use

This paper reviews recent peer-reviewed literature and national data on 1) adolescents use of online social media, 2) gender differences in online social media and 3) potential positive and negative health outcomes from adolescents’ online social media use.

Adolescents | Gender | Internet | Males | Social Networking | Young Adults

Adolescent Health Strategic Planning Guide

This 2011 guide was designed to provide tools and practical ideas for developing and implementing an adolescent health strategic plan.

Adolescents | Policy | Programs | Recommendations | Tools

Trends in Private and Public Health Insurance for Adolescents

This article presents data on health insurance coverage for adolescents, including trends from 1984-2002.

Adolescents | Health Care | Health Insurance | Policy | Trends

Stress and Stress Management Among Youth and Young Men

This 2008 article examines research related to stress and stress management, with a focus on young males.

Adolescents | Health Care | Males | Mental Health