Idaho

Please be sure to read the data notes & limitations page. This explains many aspects of these comments, including how only changes over time can be discussed as statistically significant, and why the comparisons with national rates discuss data for selected subgroups.

Overview of Findings

Data indicating changes for Idaho were limited to a few objectives and findings were mixed. Encouraging findings include reductions in overall mortality rates for younger and older adolescents. Rates of motor vehicle crash mortality remained flat and overall mortality among young adults increased. Baseline data were not available for most objectives.

At final, measures for most objectives for Idaho compared favorably to or were similar to national measures, including rates of safety belt use, riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol, physical fighting, suicide attempts requiring medical attention, sexual experience, and tobacco use. However, Idaho had higher rates of overall mortality, as well as mortality due to motor vehicle crashes and suicide, and weapon carrying.

Highlights of Findings by Objective

Jump To: Mortality; Unintentional Injury; Violence; Substance Use and Mental Health; Reproductive Health; Chronic Disease Prevention

Mortality

The rate of overall mortality in Idaho decreased among younger and older adolescents, but increased among young adults. Males had higher rates than females; among young adults this difference was two-fold.

Comparison with national data. As in Idaho, national mortality rates decreased for younger and older adolescents, and increased among young adults. Overall mortality rates were slightly higher in Idaho than nationally overall, with some variation among subgroups. Notably, Idaho rates for older adolescent females, especially White females, were considerably higher than the national rates for those groups; the rate for young adult males was lower than the national rate for that group. As in Idaho, males had higher rates than females nationally, although this difference was smaller in Idaho.

Unintentional Injury

(motor vehicle crashes, safety belt use, & riding with a driver who has been drinking alcohol)

Please note the data for safety belt use are presented as “not wearing safety belt,” the inverse of the objective. This text describes safety belt use.

The rate of mortality in Idaho due to motor vehicle crashes (MVC) declined slightly overall, with a larger decrease among older adolescents and a flat rate among young adults; there was a sizable decrease among males overall, in contrast to a small increase among females. In 2007, males had a higher rate than females.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of overall MVC mortality was flat from baseline, in contrast to the decrease in Idaho. National rates were also flat for subgroups, in contrast to the decrease among males and increase among females in Idaho. In 2007, Idaho MVC rates were higher than national rates; the Idaho rate for males matched the national rate, while the Idaho rate for females was twice the national rate for females.  As in Idaho, males had a higher rate than females nationally, although this difference was much larger in Idaho.

Females in Idaho had a higher rate of safety belt use than males in 2009; Whites reported a higher rate than Hispanics.

Comparison with national data. The overall rate of safety belt use in Idaho was similar to the national rate in 2009, with Idaho having a slightly higher rate.  As in Idaho, females had a higher rate than males nationally. Hispanics had a slightly higher rate than Whites nationally, the reverse of the pattern in Idaho.

Rates of adolescents in Idaho in 2009 who reported riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol were virtually equal for females and males in 2009. Hispanics had a much higher rate than among Whites.

Comparison with national data. The overall rate of Idaho adolescents riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol was lower than the national rate overall and among subgroups, with data.  National gender and race/ethnicity patterns mirrored the pattern noted for Idaho.

Violence  

(homicide, physical fighting, weapon carrying)

Homicide rates were based on fewer than 20 deaths and thus were unsuitable for analyses.

In 2009, males in Idaho had a much higher rate of engaging in physical fighting compared to females, and Hispanics had a much higher rate than Whites.

Comparison with national data. The overall rate of adolescent physical fighting in Idaho was similar to the national rate in 2009, with Idaho having a slightly lower rate. National gender and race/ethnicity patterns were similar to patterns noted for Idaho.

In 2009, males in Idaho reported weapon carrying at a rate nearly four times that of females. Hispanics and Whites had roughly matching rates.

Comparison with national data. In 2009, the rate of weapon carrying in Idaho was slightly higher than the national rate. As in Idaho, males had a much higher rate than females nationally and Whites and Hispanics had roughly matching rates.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health

(binge drinking, marijuana use, suicide, suicide attempts requiring medical attention)

In 2009, males in Idaho engaged in binge drinking at slightly higher rates than females; Hispanics reported higher rates than Whites.

Comparison with national data. Nationally, males had just a slightly higher rate than females, similar to Idaho. Nationally, Hispanics engaged in binge drinking at a slightly lower rate than Whites, the reverse of the pattern noted in Idaho.

Rates of marijuana use in Idaho were slightly higher in 2009 among males compared to females; Hispanics had a higher rate than Whites.

Comparison with national data. The national gender pattern was similar to the pattern in Idaho. Nationally Hispanics reported lower rates of marijuana use than Whites, the reverse of the pattern noted in Idaho.

Baseline suicide rates and rates for all subgroups were based on fewer than 20 deaths. Because these rates were unsuitable for analyses, no comparisons could be made.

Comparison with national data. In 2007, the Idaho rate was nearly three times the national rate.

The 2009 rate of adolescent suicide attempts requiring medical attention among Idaho females was slightly higher than the rate among males, and Whites had a higher rate than Hispanics.

Comparison with national data. The 2009 Idaho suicide attempts requiring medical attention roughly matched the national rate. The national gender pattern was similar to the national pattern noted for Idaho. Nationally Hispanics reported lower rates of marijuana use than Whites, the reverse of the pattern noted in Idaho.

 

Reproductive Health

(sexual inexperience)

Please note, for the sexual inexperience objective, the text and table present findings about adolescents who are sexually experienced, the inverse of the actual objective. (See Data Notes & Limitations).

Adolescent males and females in Idaho reported similar rates of having engaged in sexual intercourse in 2009; Hispanics had a much higher rate than Whites.

Comparison with national data. The 2009 rate of having engaged in sexual intercourse in Idaho was lower than the national rate. Nationally gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted for Idaho

Chronic Disease Prevention

(tobacco use)

The 2009 rate of tobacco use was higher among males compared to females; and Hispanics had a slightly higher rate than Whites.

Comparison with national data. In 2009, the rate of tobacco use in Idaho was lower than the national rate. The national gender pattern matched the pattern noted for Idaho. Nationally, Whites reported higher rates of tobacco use than Hispanics, the reverse of the pattern for Idaho.

Additional data may be available at: http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Families/tabid/58/Default.aspx