Nevada

Please be sure to read the data notes & limitations page. This explains many aspects of these comments, including how only changes over time can be discussed as statistically significant, and why the comparisons with national rates discuss data for selected subgroups.

Overview of Findings

Findings for Nevada are mostly positive. There were large decreases in rates of riding with a driver who had been drinking and binge drinking, as well as improvement in rates of overall mortality among younger and older adolescents, motor vehicle crash mortality, safety belt use, and marijuana use. However, overall mortality among young adults increased. Rates remained unchanged from baseline for physical fighting, weapon carrying, suicide attempts requiring medical attention, sexual experience, current sexual activity, and condom use.

The Nevada rate of riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol compared favorably to the national rate. Rates were similar to national rates for motor vehicle crash mortality, safety belt use, physical fighting, homicide, weapon carrying, current sexual activity, and condom use. Nevada compared unfavorably to national rates of overall mortality, suicide attempts requiring medical attention and sexual experience.

Highlights of Findings by Objective

Jump To: Mortality; Unintentional Injury; Violence; Substance Use and Mental Health; Reproductive Health; Chronic Disease Prevention

Mortality

Overall mortality in Nevada decreased among younger and older adolescents, but increased among young adults; the decrease among older adolescents and increase among young adults were particularly large. These patterns were similar across racial/ethnic groups. In 2007, male mortality rate was twice the rate for females. Among older adolescents, Whites had a higher rate than Hispanics. Among young adults, Blacks had the highest rate, followed by Whites, then Hispanics. These racial/ethnic differences were fairly large.

Comparison with national data. As in Nevada, national mortality rates decreased for younger and older adolescents, and increased among young adults. In 2007, mortality rates for Nevada were much higher than national rates for all age groups and most subgroups. The national gender pattern matched the pattern in Nevada. Among older adolescents nationally, Whites had a slightly higher rate than Hispanics, compared to a much larger difference in Nevada. As in Nevada, Blacks had the highest rate among young adults nationally. However, Hispanic young adults had a higher rate than Whites in that age group, the reverse of the pattern noted in Nevada.

Unintentional Injury

(motor vehicle crashes, safety belt use, & riding with a driver who has been drinking alcohol)

Please note the data for safety belt use are presented as “not wearing safety belt,” the inverse of the objective. This text describes safety belt use.

Adolescent mortality in Nevada due to motor vehicle crashes decreased very slightly from baseline, due to a decrease among young adults. This rate increased somewhat among Whites males. In 2007, males had twice the rate of females.

Comparison with national data. National adolescent motor vehicle crash mortality overall was also flat from baseline, similar to the small decrease in Nevada; the national rate for White males decreased slightly, in contrast to the increase for that group in Nevada. In 2007, the Nevada rate was slightly lower than the national rate overall, with small variations among subgroups.  The national gender pattern roughly matched the pattern in Nevada.

Rates of safety belt use in Nevada decreased from baseline. In 2009, males and females had roughly matching rates. Asians and Whites had similar rates, which where the highest among racial/ethnic groups; they were followed closely by adolescents of multiple races and Blacks, who also had similar rates; Hispanics had the lowest rate. Differences among these groups were fairly small.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of safety belt use also declined from baseline. In 2009, the overall rate of adolescent safety belt use in Nevada roughly matched the national rate. Nationally, females had slightly higher rates than males, in contrast to matching rates in Nevada. The national racial/ethnic pattern mostly matched the pattern in Nevada. Similar to Nevada, racial/ethnic differences were fairly small.

Rates of adolescents in Nevada who report riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol decreased considerably from baseline overall and for all groups with available data. In 2009, females had a slightly higher rate than males. Hispanics had the highest rate, followed by adolescents of multiple races and Whites, who had roughly matching rates; Blacks and Asians also had similar rates, the lowest among racial/ethnic groups.

Comparison with national data. The national rate also declined from baseline. In 2009, the Nevada rate overall was lower than the national rate; the Nevada rate for Black adolescents was much lower than the national rate for that group.  Nationally, males and females had matching rates, compared to higher rates among females in Nevada. The national racial/ethnic pattern mostly matched the pattern noted for Nevada. However, nationally Blacks had a higher rate relative to other groups, whereas this group had a relatively low rate in Nevada.

Violence

(homicide, physical fighting, weapon carrying)

The baseline homicide rate was based on fewer than 20 deaths, as were rates for all subgroups. These rates were unsuitable for analyses. Thus no comparisons could be made from baseline or among subgroups in 2007.

Comparison with national data. The Nevada homicide rate for adolescent was higher than the national rate for that age group in 2007.

The Nevada rate of physical fighting was flat from baseline, overall and for subgroups with available data. In 2009, males had a much higher rate than females. Blacks and adolescents of multiple races had equal rates, the highest among racial/ethnic groups; they were followed by Hispanics, Whites and then Asians.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of physical fighting decreased from baseline, in contrast to no change in Nevada. In 2009, the Nevada rate was slightly higher than the national rate. As in Nevada, males had a higher rate than females nationally. The national racial/ethnic pattern mostly matched the pattern noted for Nevada. However, nationally adolescents of multiple races had a lower rate relative to other groups, whereas this group had a relatively high rate in Nevada.

The overall rate of weapon carrying among adolescents in Nevada was flat from baseline; the rate increased slightly for White females. In 2009, the rate of weapon carrying among males was more than three times the rate of females. Adolescents of multiple races and Whites had similar rates, the highest among racial/ethnic groups; Hispanics had the next highest rates, followed by Blacks and then Asians.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of weapon carrying was also flat from baseline; also similar to Nevada, the rate increase slightly for White females. In 2009, the Nevada rate was roughly equal to the national rate. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns roughly matched the patterns noted for Nevada.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health

(binge drinking, marijuana use, suicide, suicide attempts requiring medical attention)

 

Rates of binge drinking in Nevada decreased considerably from baseline for all groups with available data. In 2009, males and females had roughly matching rates. Whites had the highest rates, followed closely by Hispanics; adolescents of multiple races had the next highest rate, followed by Asians and then Blacks.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescent binge drinking was essentially flat from baseline compared to a large decrease in Nevada. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted for Nevada.

The overall rates of marijuana use in Nevada declined from baseline. In 2009, males had higher rates than females. Whites, Blacks and Hispanics had similar rates, the highest among racial/ethnic groups. Adolescents of multiple races had the next highest rate; Asians had the lowest rate.

Comparison with national data. National rates of marijuana use decreased very slightly, similar to the decline in Nevada. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns mostly matched the patterns noted in Nevada.

 

The suicide rate in Nevada was based on fewer than 20 deaths, and was thus unsuitable for analyses.

The rate of adolescent suicide attempts in Nevada requiring medical attention was flat from baseline; rates increased for Whites. In 2009, females had a higher rate than males.  Blacks had the highest rate, followed by Asians, Hispanics and Whites. Racial/ethnic differences were very small.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescent suicide attempts requiring medical attention was also flat from baseline. In 2009, the Nevada rate was higher than the national rate. The national gender and race/ethnicity patterns mostly matched the patterns noted for Nevada; one exception is that Asians had the lowest rate nationally, in contrast to Nevada, where they had a high rate relative to Hispanics and Whites.

 

Reproductive Health

(sexual inexperience, no current sexual activity, condom use)

Please note, for the first two objectives, the text and tables present findings about adolescents who are sexually experienced and currently sexually active, the inverse of the actual objective. For the third objective, the table presents findings for lack of condom use, the inverse of the objective. The text describes condom use. (See Data Notes & Limitations).

 

The Nevada rate of adolescents having engaged in sexual intercourse was flat from baseline. In 2009, males had a higher rate of this behavior than females. Blacks had the highest rates, followed by Hispanics, Whites, and then adolescents of multiple races; Asians had the lowest rate.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of sexually experienced adolescents was also flat from baseline. In 2009, the overall Nevada rate was higher than the national rate. Nationally, males and females had equal rates, in contrast to the higher rate among males in Nevada. The national racial/ethnic pattern mostly matched the patterns noted for Nevada.

The rate of sexually experienced adolescents in Nevada reporting current sexual activity was flat from baseline. In 2009, males and females had matching rates. Blacks had the highest rate, followed by White and Hispanics, who had similar rates; Asians had the lowest rate.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of currently sexually active adolescents was also flat from baseline. In 2009, the Nevada rate roughly matched the national rate. Nationally, females had a slightly higher rate than males, similar to the matching rates in Nevada. The national racial/ethnic pattern matched the pattern noted for Nevada.

The rate of condom use in Nevada increased from baseline overall; rates for males overall and Whites overall increased. In 2009, males had much higher rates than females. Whites had a higher rate than Hispanics.

Comparison with national data. National rates of condom use were flat from baseline, in contrast to an increase in Nevada. The national rate for Whites increased overall, as in Nevada. In 2009, the Nevada rate roughly matched the national rate.  The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted in Nevada.

Chronic Disease Prevention

(no data)

Additional data may be available at: http://health.nv.gov/FP_Publications.htm