Utah

Please be sure to read the data notes & limitations page. This explains many aspects of these comments, including how only changes over time can be discussed as statistically significant, and why the comparisons with national rates discuss data for selected subgroups.

 

Overview of Findings

Findings for Utah were generally positive. Objectives showing improvement included overall mortality for young and older adolescents, motor vehicle crash mortality, suicide mortality, safety belt use, and riding with a driver who had been drinking. Objectives that showed no improvement include physical fighting, weapon carrying, binge drinking, marijuana use, suicide attempts requiring medical attention, and tobacco use. Overall mortality increased among young adults.

Final rates for most objectives in Utah compared favorably to national rates. Utah rates for suicide, physical fighting, and weapon carrying roughly matched national rates. Utah’s rate for suicide and suicide attempts requiring medical attention compared unfavorably with national rates.

Highlights of Findings by Objective

Mortality

The rate of overall mortality in Utah decreased among younger and older adolescents, but increased among young adults, with an especially large increase among females. In contrast to overall improvement among older adolescents, rates increased for males overall and the rate was flat for White males in that age group. In 2007, the rate for males was two to three times the rate for females across the age groups. Among young adults, the rate for Hispanics was more than two times the rate for Whites.

Comparison with national data. As in Utah, national mortality rates decreased for younger and older adolescents, and increased among young adults. There were some differences among subgroups, including a decrease in mortality among older adolescent males decreased nationally, in contrast to an increase for that group in Utah. In 2007, the overall mortality rates for Utah were lower than the national rates across all three age groups. The overall rate for older adolescent males in Utah was larger than the national rate for that group. Among young adults, the Utah rate for Hispanic males was much larger than the rate for that group nationally. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns for Utah, with a smaller difference among Hispanic and White young adults.

Unintentional Injury

(motor vehicle crashes, safety belt use, & riding with a driver who has been drinking alcohol)

Please note the data for safety belt use are presented as “not wearing safety belt,” the inverse of the objective. This text describes safety belt use.

Mortality in Utah due to motor vehicle crashes decreased from baseline. Rates decreased among both males and females. In 2007, males had twice the rate of females.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of motor vehicle crash mortality was flat overall in contrast with a decrease in Utah. In 2007, the rate of motor vehicle crash mortality in Utah was lower than the national rate. As in Utah, males had higher rates than females, although this gender difference was smaller in Utah than nationally.

Rates of safety belt use in Utah increased from baseline. In 2009, females had higher rates than males; Whites had higher rates than Hispanics.

Comparison with national data. National rates of safety belt use also increased from baseline. In 2009, the overall rate of safety belt use in Utah was slightly higher than the national rate. The national gender difference matched the pattern noted for Utah. Nationally, Whites and Hispanics had nearly equal rates, in contrast to higher rates among Whites in Utah.

The Utah rate of adolescents reporting riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol declined from baseline. In 2009, males and females had roughly matching rates. Hispanics had higher rates than Whites.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescents riding with a driver who had been drinking also declined from baseline. In 2009, the rate for Utah adolescents was less than one half the national rate. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted for Utah.

Violence

(homicide, physical fighting, weapon carrying)

Homicide rates were based on fewer than 20 deaths; thus were unsuitable for analyses.

Utah rates of physical fighting were flat from baseline. In 2009, the rate for Hispanics was higher than the rate for Whites; the rate for males was much higher than the rate for females.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of physical fighting decreased, in contrast to flat rates in Utah. In 2009, the rate of physical fighting in Utah was slightly lower than the national rate. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted in Utah.

The 2009 Utah rate of weapon carrying was flat from baseline. In 2009, Hispanics had a slightly higher rate of this behavior than Whites. Males were nearly five times more likely to report this behavior as females.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of weapon carrying was also flat from baseline. In 2009, the Utah rate of weapon carrying roughly matched the national rate. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted for Utah.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health

(binge drinking, marijuana use, suicide, suicide attempts requiring medical attention)

The overall rate of binge drinking in Utah did not change significantly from baseline for most subgroups; the one exception was White females, whose rate decreased by half. In 2009, the males had a higher rate of binge drinking than females. The rate for Hispanics was more than twice the rate for Whites.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescent changed little from baseline, similar to no significant change in Utah. Nationally, males had higher rates than females, similar to Utah. The national rate of binge drinking was higher for Whites than Hispanics, the reverse of the pattern in Utah.

Rates of marijuana use in Utah were flat from baseline. In 2009, males had a higher rate than females. Hispanics had higher rates than Whites.

Comparison with national data. National rates of marijuana use declined slightly from baseline, compared to no change in Utah. Nationally, males had higher rates than females, similar to Utah. The national rate of marijuana use was higher for Whites than Hispanics, the reverse of the pattern in Utah.

The rate of adolescent suicide mortality in Utah decreased slightly among older adolescents overall and for older adolescent males.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescent suicide mortality was flat from baseline for older adolescents and for older adolescent males, in contrast to decreases for those groups in Utah. In 2007, the Utah rate for older adolescents was higher than the national rate for that group; this difference was especially large among males.

The rate of adolescent suicide attempts in Utah requiring medical attention was flat from baseline. In 2009, males and females had roughly matching rates. The rate for Hispanics was three times the rate for Whites.

Comparison with national data. The national rate of adolescent suicide attempts requiring medical attention decreased slightly from baseline, compared to no change in Utah. In 2009, the overall rate for Utah was higher than the national rate; the rate for Hispanics in Utah was three times the national rate for that group. Nationally, females had a higher rate than males, in contrast to similar rates in Utah. As in Utah, Hispanics had a higher rate than Whites nationally, although this difference was much smaller nationally than in Utah.

Reproductive Health

Data not available.

Chronic Disease Prevention

(tobacco use)

Tobacco use among adolescents in Utah was flat from baseline. In 2009, males had more than twice the rate of females; Hispanics had nearly twice the rate of Whites.

Comparison with national data. National rates of tobacco use among adolescents decreased significantly from baseline, in contrast to no change in Utah. In 2009, the rate of tobacco use in Utah was less than half of the national rate. Males nationally had higher rates than females, as in Utah. Nationally, the rate for Hispanics was lower than the rate for Whites, the reverse of the pattern in Utah.

Additional data may be available at: http://health.utah.gov/mihp/mihp-provider.htm