This paper by Child Trends (created through a partnership with NAHIC) presents lessons learned from 37 random-assignment social intervention programs for adolescents that are designed to prevent or treat internalizing problems. Programs were identified by searching LINKS (Lifecourse Interventions to Nurture Kids Successfully), Child Trends’ online database of rigorously-evaluated social interventions for children and youth. All interventions included in LINKS are social interventions evaluated using random assignment, intent-to-treat evaluations.
Findings from this literature review suggest that social interventions to address internalizing problems are most effective when they teach adolescents how to cope with negative thoughts and emotions, solve problems, and interact effectively with others. Therapeutic approaches, such as family therapy, group therapy, individual therapy, and treatment-focused, school-based approaches appear to be effective. Mixed results were found for programs including activities to increase self-esteem and programs directed at non-clinical populations of youth.
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