Please be sure to read the data notes & limitations page. This explains many aspects of these comments, including how only changes over time can be discussed as statistically significant, and why the comparisons with national rates discuss data for selected subgroups.
Overview of Findings
Data indicating changes for Ohio were limited to a few objectives and findings were mostly encouraging. Rates of overall mortality rates decreased among younger and older adolescents, as did rates of motor vehicle crash mortality. However, overall mortality increased among young adults and there were small increases in homicide and suicide mortality.
Ohio compared favorably to the nation in overall mortality and motor vehicle crash mortality. Ohio’s rates of homicide and suicide roughly matched national rates.
Highlights of Findings by Objective
Overall mortality in Ohio decreased substantially among younger adolescents and decreased slightly among older adolescents. Mortality increased among young adults; White males in that age group had a particularly large increase. These age patterns were largely similar across subgroups, with the exception of a sizable decrease in mortality among young adult Black males. In 2007, males had higher mortality rates than females; this gender gap was more than two-fold among older adolescents and young adults. Blacks had higher rates than Whites among older and younger adolescents. Blacks also had the highest rate among young adults, followed by Hispanics, then Whites.
Comparison with national data. As in Ohio, national mortality rates decreased for younger and older adolescents, and increased among young adults. Also similar to Ohio, rates among young adult Black males decreased. The changes for young adults were much larger in Ohio than nationally. In 2007, rates of overall adolescent mortality in Ohio were slightly lower than national rates. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched the patterns noted for Ohio.
(motor vehicle crashes)
Adolescent mortality in Ohio due to motor vehicle crashes (MVC) decreased from baseline overall, with a particularly large decrease among White males. Rates increased slightly among Blacks overall. In 2007, males had more than twice the rate of MVC mortality of females. Whites had a higher rate than Blacks.
Comparison with national data. National rates of MVC mortality were flat, in contrast to the decrease in Ohio; similarly, there was a small decrease for White males nationally, compared to a larger decrease for that group in Ohio. A small decrease among Blacks nationally contrasts with the increase noted for this group in Ohio. In 2007, the MVC mortality rate in Ohio was slightly lower than the national rate. The national gender and racial/ethnic patterns matched patterns noted for Ohio.
Homicide rates among older adolescents increased very slightly from baseline overall; there was a sizable increase among Black males.
Comparison with national data. The national homicide rate among older adolescents was essentially flat from baseline, in contrast to the increase in Ohio. Nationally, homicide rates increased somewhat among Black males, compared to a much larger increase for that group in Ohio. In 2007, the homicide rate for older adolescent Black males in Ohio matched the rate for that group nationally; the overall rate was also similar.
The rate of suicide in Ohio among older adolescents increased slightly from baseline, with similarly small increases among White males in that age group.
Comparison with national data. Similar to Ohio, the national suicide rate for older adolescents changed little from baseline, with national rates decreasing slightly overall and among White males in that age group. In 2007, the national rates for older adolescents and Whites males in that group roughly matched the rates for those groups in Ohio.
Additional data may be available at: http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/chss/ad_hlth/adhlth1.aspx