The health issues of young adulthood have received relatively little attention compared with those of adolescence, although the critical issues in young adulthood parallel those of adolescence. Young adults often fare worse than adolescents on health indicators, with many measures of negative outcomes—including rates of injury, homicide, and substance use—peaking during the young adult years. The contextual factors shaping health status and access to care in young adulthood differ significantly from the context of adolescence. This article synthesizes national data to present a health profile of young adults, reviewing social indicators that describe the context of young adulthood and presenting measures of health status. We examine mortality, morbidity, risky behaviors, and health care access and utilization, identifying the most significant gender and racial/ethnic disparities. The article also identifies limitations of existing data and offers suggestions for future research and health monitoring in this area. We conclude with a discussion of current efforts to address the health and well-being of young adults and argue for creating a national health agenda for young adults that includes research, programs and policies to address health issues during this period of the lifespan.
The Health Status of Young Adults in the United States
M. Jane Park, M.P.H., Tina Paul Mulye, M.P.H., Sally H. Adams, Ph.D., Claire D. Brindis, Dr.P.H., Charles E. Irwin Jr, M.D. Volume 39, Issue 3, Pages 305-317, September 2006
November 4, 2006
M. Jane Park, M.P.H., Tina Paul Mulye, M.P.H., Sally H. Adams, Ph.D., Claire D. Brindis, Dr.P.H., Charles E. Irwin Jr, M.D
MORE NEWS AND ARTICLES BY SIMILAR TOPIC(S)
This 2009 article explores Positive Youth Development for youth. Positive youth development (PYD) is a strong and growing field that complements the traditional problem-focused view of youth, and describes and promotes the healthy development and positive outcomes of young people
In four 2004 papers, NAHIC conducted a comprehensive review and analysis of approaches to and measures of positive youth development.
This study examines the potential role of the health care system in the successful transition to young adulthood for all adolescents, with emphasis on adolescents with special health care needs (ASHCN).
This paper uses the 2001–2004 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey to examine rates of past-year adolescent time alone with a clinician by visit type, and among youths with a preventive visit, examined age, gender, and race/ethnicity differences.
This 2006 article synthesizes national data to present a health profile of young adults, reviewing social indicators that describe the context of young adulthood and presenting measures of health status.